2012 The Mayan Calendar
What most intrigues scholars is not the beginning dates of the Mayan calendar, but the projected end of all cycles date, known to us as December 21, 2012.
The Mayan's studied the stars and developed an extremely advanced calendar. A calendar that most would agree is more precise than our own. Many predictions have been deciphered from the Mayan calendar. One of the more well known and controversial prophecies is that December 21, 2012 marks the end of the world, doomsday. The Mayan doomsday prediction coincides with a winter solstice that, when predicted, was to occur over 2,300 years later.
Reconciling the Mayan long-count calendar with the Gregorian calendar has puzzled and intrigued researchers for years decades. The Mayans measured time in cycles related to astronomical phenomenon. They had both a short-count calendar and a long count calendar, based on mathematical equations and their observations of the constellations and other astronomical phenomena.
Some Mayan experts believe the Mayan calendar was based on precessions. Precessions are observations of the equinoxes as the earth wobbles, changing the precess of the earth's poles in relation to known constellations. In simpler terms, precession is the identification of a change, over time, in the constellations which provide a backdrop for the earth's poles. Today this is known as The Platonic Calendar. Egyptians, Babylonians, and Greeks also observed precession, but it wasn't until recently that scholars began to unravel the Mayan understanding of precession.
As scholars continue to exam Mayan calendars and astronomical observations many now agree that Mayan knowledge of precession seems evident. It has also become evident that the Mayans associated their observations with their belief system. Careful study of Mayan Mythology confirms the Milky Way as an essential part of their mythology and belief system. The position of the Milky Way was believed to be the integral opening from the heavens through with their god-king arrived on earth.