THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BASIC NEED SATISFACTION AND EMOTIONAL EATING
Gayle M. Timmerman, Gayle J. Acton*
Eating in response to emotions may lead to the consumption of excessive calories which typically leads to weight gain. This study examined the relationship between basic need satisfaction as identified by Maslow's hierarchy and emotional eating. According to Modeling and Role-Modeling theory, when lack of basic need satisfaction functions as a stressor, individuals may be more likely to engage in emotional eating as a substitute for fulfilling their needs in order to maintain homeostasis. The Basic Need Satisfaction Inventory (BNSI) had a strong, negative correlation (r = -.49; p <. 001) to the Emotional Eating Scale (EES) indicating that the lower the level of basic need satisfaction, the more likely one engaged in emotional eating. In predicting EES score, 27.7% of the variance was explained by the self-esteem subscale of BNSI. This study supports looking at underlying issues contributing to weight gain in order to develop effective interventions for weight management.
Source: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BASIC NEED SATISFACTION AND EMOTIONAL EATING; Issues in Mental Health Nursing - 22(7):Pages 691-701 - Informa Healthcare