Survival situations are sometimes resolved by finding one's way to safety, or one may need to move to find a more suitable location to wait for rescue. The sources observe that to do either of these safely requires some navigation equipment and skills. Types of navigation include:

* Celestial navigation, using the sun and the night sky to locate the cardinal directions and to maintain course of travel
* Using a map and compass together, particularly a topographic map
* "Navigation by observation" of terrain features on a map or otherwise known
* Using a GPS receiver, if one is available