This Day in History November 5
This Day in History November 5
309th day of 2010 - 56 remaining
Friday, November 5, 2010
GUY FAWKES DAY
The year was 1605. Eleven men, led by one Guy Fawkes, came together to find a way to return England to the Catholic faith. It seems that King James had been sending Jesuits into exile. The conspirators plotted to kill the King and all members of the Parliament by blowing up the Houses of Parliament on November 5. They had amassed 36 barrels of gunpowder and placed the barrels under the Houses of Parliament.
The plot was discovered on November 4th, and the conspirators were arrested, tried and convicted. The following January, Guy Fawkes and seven other surviving members of the group were beheaded. Their heads were then displayed on the spikes of London Bridge.
The following November 5th (1606), the same Parliament Guy Fawkes and his men had attempted to annihilate, established a national day of Thanksgiving. Guy Fawkes Day or Bonfire Night has been celebrated every year since with fireworks and the burning of Guy Fawkes’ effigy. The effigies are referred to as ‘Guys’ and as they are burned, the revelers repeat this verse:
Remember, Remember the Fifth of November
Gunpowder, Treason, and Plot.
I see no reason why Gunpowder Treason
should ever be forgot.
Guy Fawkes, Guy Fawkes twas his intent
To blow up the houses of Parliament,
With three score barrels of powder below,
Poor old England to overthrow.
But by God’s providence he was catched,
With darkened lantern and slow burning match.
Holloa boys, Holloa boys, ring bells ring,
Holloa boys, Holloa boys, God saved the King!
Almost four hundred years later, some wonder whether the holiday is in honor of Guy Fawkes’ attempt at removing the government, or in celebration of his execution.
Events November 5
1733 - The first issue of the New York Weekly Journal was published by printer/journalist John Peter Zenger.
1872 - Suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the presidential election. She was found guilty of the crime of voting while being a woman. When the judge asked Anthony if she had anything to say, she responded, “May it please your honor, I will never pay a dollar of your unjust penalty” -- and she never did. She did use that penalty, and the publicity it brought, as a springboard for the demands of female suffrage.
1911 - The first American transcontinental airplane flight was begun. Calbraith P. Rogers flew from Sheepshead Bay, NY to Pasadena, CA. It took Rogers 49 days to make the trip; 24 days were lost due to bad weather and mechanical difficulties. The rest were because he stopped at all the tourist places. Some of us have flown that route, haven’t we?
1917 - A U.S. Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v. Warley) struck down a Lousiville, Kentucky ordinance requiring blacks and whites to live in separate areas. The ordinance forbade, “colored persons to occupy houses in blocks where the greater number of houses are occupied by white persons...”
1929 - McKinney’s Cotton Pickers picked and fiddled their way to the Victor studios to record Plain Dirt. Among those pickin’ and grinnin’ were luminaries such as Fats Waller (on piano), Benny Carter and Coleman Hawkins.
1930 - All was quiet in the Fiesta Room at Los Angeles’ Ambassador Hotel this night as the Third Annual Academy Awards were about to be announced. The big winner of the evening, hosted by Conrad Nagel, was All Quiet on the Western Front (Outstanding Production - Universal, and Best Director - Lewis Milestone). The Big House also took two awards: Best Sound Recording - Douglas Shearer/Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio Sound Department and Best Writing - Frances Marion. Only four more awards were presented at the fledgling film industry’s celebration. Best Actor honors went to George Arliss for his performance in Disraeli (a remake of the 1921 silent version, also starring Arliss) and Norma Shearer copped the prize for Best Actress for her role in The Divorcee. Herman Rosse won an award for his Art Direction in King of Jazz and the Best Cinematography award went to Joseph T. Rucker and Willard Van Der Veer for With Byrd at the South Pole. We can now break the silence. Applause! Applause!
1930 - Sinclair Lewis, novelist, playwright, and social critic, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. He was the first American to win the prize and went to him “for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters.” Lewis wrote 22 novels and three plays.
1934 - The first broadcast of The Gumps was heard on CBS radio. Wilmer Walter played Andy Gump, Agnes Moorehead was Gump’s wife, Min, and Jackie Kelk was son, Chester. Karo syrup and Pebico toothpaste/tooth powder sponsored.
1940 - Franklin Roosevelt was re-elected to the U.S. presidency for an unprecedented third term. He defeated Elwood, Indiana native Wendell Willkie, known as, “the barefoot boy from Wall Street.”
1942 - America’s ‘Yankee Doodle Dandy’, George M. Cohan, died at age 64. Cohan was a legendary songwriter whose spirited and star-spangled tunes lit up Broadway and will be a part of Americana forever.
1946 - John F. Kennedy, age 29, began his political career by getting elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. He became a Congressman from Massachusetts.
1950 - “The greatest stars of our time on one big program” was the introduction by actress Tallulah Bankhead, who opened the 90-minute Big Show on NBC radio. It was a big show all right. The peacock saw red as losses exceeded a million dollars in the three years the program was on the air.
1950 - Billy Graham’s Hour of Decision program was first broadcast, as a live radio program.
1955 - The Vienna State Opera House in Austria formally reopened, celebrating the end of 17 years of foreign occupation.
1956 - Great Britain and France started landing forces in Egypt during fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces around the Suez Canal. A cease-fire was declared two days later.
1963 - Archaeologists found Viking ruins in Newfoundland predating Columbus by 500 years.
1967 - ATS-3 was launched by the U.S. to “...develop the experimental Geostationary techniques of satellite orbit and motion, measure the orbital environment at 23,000 miles above the Earth’s surface, and transmit meteorological information (imagery and data) to surface ground stations.” Applications Technology Satellite-3 also provided the first color pictures of the full Earth disk.
1968 - Richard M. Nixon won the U.S. presidential election. He defeated Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and third-party candidate George C. Wallace to become the 37th U.S. President.
1968 - Shirley Chisholm of Brooklyn, New York was the first black woman elected to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.
1971 - The Los Angeles Lakers began the longest winning streak in the history of pro sports by winning the first of 33 consecutive basketball games.
1974 - Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut. She was the first woman to win a U.S. governorship without succeeding her husband.
1974 - Voters in the District of Columbia elected a mayor and a 14-member city council for the first time. Walter E. Washington became the first elected mayor of Washington DC.
1977 - A musical fixture for decades -- especially on New Year’s Eve -- died at 75 years of age. Guy Lombardo, leader of the Royal Canadians, is fondly remembered for many songs he made famous; but his most popular remains Auld Lang Syne.
1979 - Cartoonist Al Capp (Li’l Abner) died. He was 70 years old.
1984 - The Supreme Court ruled that the NFL could not block future franchise moves and had exceeded antitrust limits in attempting to stop a move by the Oakland Raiders to Los Angeles.
1986 - **** Clark registered for an initial public stock offering for his TV production company (DCP). On the registration form, he called his product ‘mind candy’.
1988 - The Beach Boys hit #1 in the U.S. with Kokomo. They set two music-chart records with this event. It was the longest span of #1 hits (24 years, 4 months since I Get Around) and the longest gap between #1 hits (21 years, 10 months since Good Vibrations). (Note: Cher broke this last record when she topped the charts with Believe in 1999. Her previous #1 hit was Dark Lady in 1974, setting the new record at 25 years.)
1988 - And speaking of music trivia: The Loco-Motion, by Kylie Minogue hit #4 on the Billboard Hot 100 this day, the song became the first to reach the top-5 in the U.S. for three different artists (Little Eva in 1962, Grand Funk in 1974).
1989 - Barry Sadler, the U.S. Army veteran who topped the singles charts for five weeks in 1966 with The Ballad of The Green Berets, died at the age of 51. Sadler had been shot in the head Sep 8, 1989 during a robbery at his home in Guatemala and had suffered brain damage.
1991 - Robert Maxwell, media tycoon, was found floating dead near his yacht off the Canary Islands. He was 68 years old. Maxwell founded the Pergamon Press and built a media empire.
1991 - Fred MacMurray died at 83 years of age. The actor starred in some 90 films, but was probably best known for playing the father in the TV series My Three Sons.
1992 - Bobby Fisher beat Boris Spassky to win Chess title in Belgrade. Fisher received $3.5 million for his win, but violated U.N. sanctions and an embargo on doing business in Yugoslavia.
1994 - George Foreman knocked out Michael Moorer in the 10th round in Las Vegas to become the IBF/WBA Heavyweight Champion of the World.
1994 - Murder Was the Case, the soundtrack album from the motion picture of the same name, was the number-one album in the U.S. The album ran 73 minutes. The Snoop Doggy Dogg/Dr. Dre movie which inspired it ran 18 minutes. I’ll have a small popcorn and a teeny-weeny drink please...
1994 - In a letter to “My fellow Americans,” former President Ronald Reagan disclosed the fact that he had Alzheimer’s disease. Reagan’s wife, Nancy has vigilantly guarded his privacy since he withdrew from public view following the disclosure on this day.
1995 - A seemingly endless procession of Israelis filed past the simple wooden coffin of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (he was assassinated the night before).
1996 - U.S. voters reelected President Bill Clinton but gave the Republican party another majority in both houses of Congress, trimming the margin of that majority in the House of Representatives and increasing it slightly in the Senate.
1997 - Trucker barricades went up in Paris, France. Unions representing France’s 300,000 truckers demanded pay raises up to 7%.
1999 - U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson, in a ‘finding of fact’, declared Microsoft Corporation a monopoly. Jackson wrote, “Microsoft enjoys so much power in the market for Intel-compatible PC operating systems that if it wished to exercise this power solely in terms of price, it could charge a price for Windows substantially above that which could be charged in a competitive market.”
1999 - Movies opening in the U.S.: The Bachelor, starring Chris O’donnell, Renee Zellweger, James Cromwell, Marley Shelton and Artie Lange; The Bone Collector, with Denzel Washington, Angelina Jolie and Queen Latifah; and The Insider, starring Al Pacino, Russell Crowe, Christopher Plummer, Diane Venora and Philip Baker Hall.
2000 - Jimmie Davis, Louisiana’s ‘singing governor’, died in Baton Rouge. He was believed to be 101 years old.
2001 - Subash Gurung (27) of Nepal was arrested at O’Hare International Airport while trying to board a plane to Omaha. The 27-year-old had passed through a checkpoint carrying seven knives, a stun gun, a can of tear gas, and was in the U.S. with an expired student visa.
2002 - Arizona Diamondbacks Pitcher Randy Johnson (the Big Unit) won his record-tying fourth straight National League Cy Young Award.
2002 - Republicans gained control of the U.S. Congress, reclaiming the majority in the Senate and expanding their majority in the House of Representatives.
2003 - In Seattle, WA Gary Leon Ridgeway pleaded guilty 48 consecutive times for the Green River murders that began in 1982. On Dec 18 he was sentenced to 48 consecutive life terms and ordered to pay $480,000.
2003 - The Matrix Revolutions opened in the U.S. The sci-fi thriller stars Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, Monica Belluci, Daniel Bernhardt, Jada Pinkett Smith, Matt McColm, Harold Perrineau Jr., Harry Lennex and Stuart Wells.
2003 - Bobby Hatfield, the tenor half of The Righteous Brothers, was found dead in a Kalamazoo, MI hotel. An autopsy revealed that his death was triggered by acute cocaine intoxication. He was 63 years old. The Righteous Brothers gained worldwide fame with You’ve Lost that Lovin’ Feeling, Unchained Melody and several others.
2004 - These films debuted in U.S. theatres: Alfie, with Jude Law, Marisa Tomei, Omar Epps, Nia Long, Jane Krakowski, Sienna Miller and Susan Sarandon; and The Incredibles, starring Craig T. Nelson, Holly Hunter, Samuel L. Jackson, Jason Lee, John Ratzenberger, Wallace Shawn, Sarah Vowell and Brad Bird.
2004 - Saskatchewan became Canada’s seventh jurisdiction to allow homosexuals to wed.
2005 - The Seabourn Spirit evaded an attack by pirates off the coast of Somalia. The cruise ship was attacked at sea by two pirate boats wielding machine guns and rocket propelled grenades, but successfully repelled the attack after the captain ordered a series of ‘protective and evasive measures’.
2006 - Bulent Ecevit, 81-year-old former prime minister of Turkey (1973-2002), died. Ecevit was a political force in Turkey for almost half a century. He had ordered the 1974 invasion of Cyprus and later pushed his country toward the West.
2006 - Saddam Hussein was convicted and sentenced to hang for “crimes against humanity” in the 1982 killings of 148 people in the Shiite town of Dujail. Hussein, his half brother and another senior official in his regime were convicted and sentenced to death by the Iraqi High Tribunal. (Hussein was hanged Dec 30, 2006.)
2007 - Conde Nast Publications said it would stop publication of House & Garden magazine with the December issue. House & Garden was founded in 1901, and was acquired by Conde Nast a few years later.
2007 - Writers went on strike against the film and TV industry. In their first walkout in nearly 20 years, Writers Guild of America members became noisy pickets outside the Today show in New York City. The strike lasted until Feb 12, 2008 and disrupted everything from late-night talk shows to soap operas.
2008 - Africans across the continent sang, danced in the streets and wrapped themselves in U.S. flags to cheer for America’s first black president. Kenya would party for two days, after President Kibaki declared a national holiday for Nov 6 in honor of Obama. Reaction to Obama’s election victory from around the world was generally very favorable.
2009 - U.S. Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan shot 13 people dead at Fort Hood, Texas. witnesses reported that Hasan shouted he said, “Allahu Akbar,” an Arabic phrase for “God is great,” before opening fire. Hasan, a, army psychiatrist, was being deployed and had expressed anger about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
2009 - Movies debuting in the U.S.: 127 Hours, starring James Franco, Kate Mara, Amber Tamblyn, Lizzy Caplan and Elizabeth Hales; the documentary Client 9: The Rise and Fall of Eliot Spitzer, directed by Alex Gibney; Due Date, starring Robert Downey Jr., Zach Galifianakis, Jamie Foxx, Juliette Lewis and Michelle Monaghan; Fair Game, starring Naomi Watts, Sean Penn, Ty Burrell, Michael Kelly and Bruce McGill; the comedy For Colored Girls, with Janet Jackson, Thandie Newton, Kerry Washington, Anika Noni Rose and Phylicia Rashad; Four Lions, with Benedict Cumberbatch, Julia Davis, Kayvan Novak, Riz Ahmed and Chris Wilson; the animated MegaMind, featuring the voices of Brad Pitt, Will Ferrell, Tina Fey and Jonah Hill; and Red Hill, starring Steve Bisley, Kevin Harrington, Ryan Kwanten, Tommy Lewis and Claire van der Boom.
Birthdays November 5
1855 - Eugene (Victor) Debs
politician: founded Social Democratic Party of America; Socialist Party nominee for U.S. President [1904, 1908, 1912, 1920]; died Oct 20, 1926
1857 - Ida Tarbell
author: History of the Standard Oil Company; associate editor: The Chautauquan, McClure’s Magazine, American Magazine; autobiography: All in the Day’s Work; died Jan 6, 1944
1885 - Will Durant
author, historian: The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization [w/wife Ariel]; died Nov 7, 1981
1891 - Earle ‘Greasy’ Neale
Football Hall of Famer: West Virginia Wesleyan, Canton Bulldogs; coach: Philadelphia Eagles [1941-1950], three straight eastern division crowns and NFL championships [1948, 1949]; created the 5-man defensive line; died Nov 2, 1973
1893 - Raymond Loewy
inventor, engineer, industrial designing: ‘father of streamlining’: US Postal Service logo, Air Force One and many other products such as pens, appliances, cars and trains; died July 14, 1986
1900 - Natalie Schafer
actress: Gilligan’s Island, The Survivors, Forever Darling, The Time of Your Life; died Apr 10, 1991
1905 - Joel (Albert) McCrea
actor: Ride the High Country, The Oklahoman, Four Faces West, Buffalo Bill, Barbary Coast, Wichita Town; died Oct 20, 1990
1911 - Roy Rogers (Leonard Slye) ‘King of the Cowboys’: actor: 85+ westerns, The Roy Rogers Show, The Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Show; singer: Happy Trails to You; died July 6, 1998
1913 - Vivien Leigh (Vivian Mary Hartley)
Academy Award-winning actress: Gone with the Wind , A Streetcar Named Desire ; Ship of Fools, Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Anna Karenina; died July 7, 1967
1913 - John McGiver
actor: Midnight Cowboy, The Manchurian Candidate, Breakfast at Tiffany’s, The Patty Duke Show, Mr. Terrific, Many Happy Returns, The Jimmy Stewart Show; died Sep 9, 1975
1931 - Ike Turner
musician: piano, singer: duo: Ike & Tina Turner Revue: It’s Gonna Work Out Fine, Poor Fool, Tra La La La, I Idolize You, Proud Mary; owner: recording studio; died Dec 12, 2007
1936 - Billy Sherrill
songwriter, musician: saxophone: Tipsy; record producer: Almost Persuaded; VP/Executive Producer: CBS Nashville
1937 - Harris Yulin
actor: The Emperor’s Club, The Virginian, The Hurricane, Training Day, King of the Corner, American Outlaws, Rush Hour 2
1940 - Elke Sommer (Schletz)
actress: A Shot in the Dark, The Prize, The Oscar, Prisoner of Zenda; Miss Italy 
1941 - Art Garfunkel
singer: duo: Simon and Garfunkel: Bridge Over Troubled Water, Homeward Bound, I Am a Rock, Mrs. Robinson, Scarborough Fair, The Sounds of Silence, Cecilia; Rock and Roll Hall of Famer; solo: All I Know, Second Avenue, I Only Have Eyes for You, Wonderful World [w/James Taylor, Paul Simon]; actor: Catch-22, Carnal Knowledge, Bad Timing
1943 - Sam Shepard (Sam Shepard Rogers)
actor: Days of Heaven, The Pelican Brief, The Right Stuff, Steel Magnolias, Voyager; playwright: Silent Tongue, Far North, Fool for Love, Zabriskie Point, Paris Texas
1946 - Gram Parsons (Cecil Ingram Connors)
singer: group: The Byrds: LP: Sweetheart of the Rodeo; The Flying Burrito Brothers: LP: The Gilded Palace of Sin, Burrito Deluxe; songwriter: She, How Much I’ve Lied, The New Soft Shoe, Grievous Angel, Hickory Wind, Las Vegas, In My Hour of Darkness; died Sep 19, 1973
1947 - Peter Noone (Peter Blair Denis Bernard Noone)
musician [guitar, piano], singer: Herman of Herman’s Hermits: Mrs. Brown, You’ve Got a Lovely Daughter, I’m Henry VIII, I Am; solo: Oh You Pretty Thing; actor: The Pirates of Penzance
1948 - Donnie McDougall
musician: guitar: group: The Guess Who: Shakin’ All Over, Tossin’ and Turnin’, Hey Ho, These Eyes, American Woman, No Sugar Tonight
1952 - John Hillner
actor: Broadway: Woman of the Year, Mamma Mia!, La Cage aux Folles, films: Mission of the Shark: The Saga of the U.S.S. Indianapolis, Say Anything..., Friendly Fire, Jennifer: A Woman’s Story
1952 - Bill Walton
Basketball Hall of Famer: UCLA: NCAA championship [1972, 1973]: MVP, Sullivan Award ; Portland Trail Blazers: NBA Championship title , MVP ; San Diego Clippers; Boston Celtics: 1986 NBA championship
1957 - Jon-Erik Hexum
actor: Voyagers, Cover Up; killed Oct 18, 1984 [accidentally shot himself in the head with a gun loaded with blanks on set of Cover Up]; died Oct 18, 1984
1957 - Kellen Winslow
Pro Football Hall of Famer [tight end]: San Diego Chargers: 541 receptions for 6,741 yards and 45 touchdowns, two 88-reception seasons, played in five Pro Bowls
1958 - Robert Patrick
actor: Killer Instinct, Die Hard 2: Die Harder, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Wayne’s World, Fire in the Sky, Rosewood, Cop Land, Renegade Force, The X Files [TV]
1959 - Bryan Adams
singer: Heaven, Summer of ’69; songwriter: Everything I Do; songwriter: Tears are Not Enough
1959 - Lloyd (Anthony) Moseby
baseball: Toronto Blue Jays [all-star: 1986], Detroit Tigers
1963 - Andrea McArdle
actress, singer: Annie
1963 - Tatum O’Neal
Academy Award-winning actress: Paper Moon ; Bad News Bears, Little Darlings
1965 - Famke Janssen
actress: Fathers & Sons, GoldenEye, The Gingerbread Man, Rounders, X-Men
1968 - Cary Blanchard
football [kicker]: Oklahoma State Univ; NFL: New York Jets, Indianapolis Colts, Washington Redskins, New York Giants, Arizona Cardinals
1968 - Sam Rockwell
actor: Clownhouse, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Strictly Business, The Search for One-eye Jimmy, Safe Men, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Green Mile, Charlie’s Angels
1971 - Todd Collins
football [quarterback]: Univ of Michigan; NFL: Buffalo Bills, Kansas City Chiefs
1971 - Corin ‘Corky’ Nemec
actor: Operation Dumbo Drop, Stephen King’s The Stand, Drop Zone, Solar Crisis, Tucker: The Man and His Dream, Parker Lewis Can’t Lose, Webster
1973 - Johnny Damon
baseball [left, center field]: Kansas City Royals, Oakland Athletics, Boston Red Sox
1973 - Alexei Yashin
hockey: Ottawa Senators, New York Islanders
1974 - Jose Santiago
baseball [pitcher]: Kansas City Royals, Philadelphia Phillies, Cleveland Indians, New York Mets
1974 - Jerry Stackhouse
basketball [forward, guard]; NBA: Univ of North Carolina, Philadelphia 76ers, Detroit Pistons, Washington Wizards, Dallas Mavericks
1977 - Brittany Skye
actress: X-rated films: Barely Legal 14, Honey I’m Home, Trailer Trash Nurses 7, Lesbian Hooter Party, Funny Boners series, Red, White & Blonde, A Dummies Guide to Porn, Head Nurse
1987 - Kevin Jonas
musician: guitar, mandolin; singer: group: The Jonas Brothers: S.O.S., Hold On, That’s Just the Way We Roll, Still in Love With You, When You Look Me in the Eyes, Hollywood, Kids of the Future
Chart Toppers November 5
1946Five Minutes More - Frank Sinatra
South America, Take It Away - Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters
Rumors are Flying - The Frankie Carle Orchestra (vocal: Marjorie Hughes)
Divorce Me C.O.D. - Merle Travis
1955Autumn Leaves - Roger Williams
Only You - The Platters
Sixteen Tons - Tennessee Ernie Ford
That Do Make It Nice - Eddy Arnold
1964Baby Love - The Supremes
Last Kiss - J. Frank Wilson & The Cavaliers
Let It Be Me - Betty Everett & Jerry Butler
I Don’t Care (Just as Long as You Love Me) - Buck Owens
1973Midnight Train to Georgia - Gladys Knight & The Pips
Keep on Truckin’ - Eddie Kendricks
Paper Roses - Marie Osmond
We’re Gonna Hold On - George Jones & Tammy Wynette
1982Who Can It Be Now? - Men at Work
I Keep Forgettin’ (Every Time You’re Near) - Michael McDonald
Up Where We Belong - Joe Cocker & Jennifer Warnes
Close Enough to Perfect - Alabama
1991Romantic - Karyn White
Cream - Prince & The N.P.G.
Can’t Stop This Thing We Started - Bryan Adams
Anymore - Travis Tritt
2000Arms Wide Open - Creed
Most Girls - Pink
Come On Over (All I Want Is You) - Christina Aguilera
The Little Girl - John Michael Montgomery
2009Down - Jay Sean featuring Lil Wayne
Party in the U.S.A. - Miley Cyrus
Use Somebody - Kings of Leon
Only You Can Love Me This Way - Keith Urban
Happy Birthday Bryan Adams