Indian women arm themselves against climate change
Tuesday, March 17, 2009
ZAHEERABAD, March 17, 2009 (IPS) - In the fight against climate change have five thousand women in the dry southern India are united in a collective that switching to organic farming without chemicals or irrigation.
India can better guard against the effects of climate change, as it appeared in 2007 from a report by the International Climate Panel of the UN (IPCC). It says that the rainfall patterns will change significantly. The country will face more intense rainfall during short periods, but in December, January and February would be a lot less rain fall. The whole year would be frequent and prolonged droughts occur. The Indian agriculture is the first victim: a temperature increase of just half a degree Celsius, the cereal production by 0.45 tons per hectare fall.
The IPCC concludes that measures are urgently needed to counter such scenarios arms, and that is exactly what five thousand women of the lowest caste in the region around Zaheerabad. They choose native species that no additional water, chemicals or pesticides and are planted together. The crops are grown on dry, poor land, which improved with the help of the Deccan Development Society (DDS). This organization helps women for 25 years to "sanghas to form local self regularly come together and find common ground design.
The women usually plant in October and November and asking help from their family for seven days to assist in weeding and another fifteen to twenty days in the harvest. They fertilize the land, but every two or three years with natural manure from cattle farm.
In the village Bidakanne shows its fiftieth Samamma field between the rows of sunflowers grow all native species of beans, peas and vegetables. "In my field take some plant nutrients while others something back," she says. "I get there all my nutritional needs for oil, grains and vegetables. Her rag land, less than a åre large, produces 150 kilograms of beans, 200 kg of grain and 50 pounds linseed. She keeps a few dozen pounds for himself and sells the rest on the market.
In 75 villages have now been five thousand men for the same farming method. DDS is implementing a system for the production of women certified as organic products.
The women, the lower layers of society, are now swamped with orders. Narsamma, now 55, worked previously as a worker and barely earned her sandwich. She heard of the DDS groups in a neighboring village, and asked the organization for help. Now she has trained for five of her children to pay, they built a new house and land and livestock they could buy with the help of DDS and the government. "If landowners now I come to borrow grain, I laugh," she says.