A small earthquake measuring 3.1 in magnitude rumbled through western Quebec on Monday at 11:08 a.m., according to Natural Resources Canada.

The quake's epicentre was reported 38 kilometres northeast of Buckingham, Que.

There were no reports of injuries or damage.

Natural Resources Canada said this type of tremor is common in the so-called West Quebec seismic zone.

"That's a zone that goes from Temiscaming, along the Ottawa River, down to Montreal and past," explains Sylvie Hayek, a seismologist with the federal agency. "It sees a lot of smaller [tremor] events regularly."

It was the second earthquake to hit the area in six months.

In June 2010, a 5.0-magnitude earthquake hit the area, with tremors recorded across eastern and southern Ontario and the northeastern United States, including Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, New Jersey and New York.

It caused extensive evacuations across Ontario, and damaged historic buildings close to the epicentre.