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Pari Spolter

Copyright © 1993 by Pari Spolter

ISBN 0-9638107-5-8

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 93-85943

A book report by John Lear

Using extensive recent data, GRAVITATIONAL FORCE OF THE SUN presents the correct interpretation of Kepler’s third law.

Pari Spolter has successfully attacked and destroyed Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation along with the gravitational constant and thrown Einstein and his pseudoscientific hypothetical equations on the junk heap of philosophical fraud.

What Pari has discovered is that her equation for the gravitational force of the sun Fs = a.A is identical to the 390-year-old Kepler’s Third Law, which is r3/t2 or "The square of the orbital periods of planets is directly proportional to the cubes of the semi-major axis of the orbits."

What Pari has done is to formulate the equation of the least squares line of regression of the mean orbital velocity of each planet around the sun versus the mean distance of that planet to the sun which she states as Fs = a.A, or 'the gravitational force of the sun is equal to the acceleration times the area' of each planet. And the gravitational force of the sun turns out to be 4.16449 ± 0.00032 x 1020 m s-2 m2.

She proves her equation by taking the 'acceleration' or the square of the mean orbital velocity of each planet and multiplying it by the mean distance (semimajor axis of revolution) of that planet. And the result is always the same: 4.1645 x 1020 m s-2 m2; the gravitational force of the sun.

She further proves her equation by calculating Fs = a.A from the orbit of each artificial satellite orbiting the sun including the Luna 1, Pioneer 5, 6, and 7, Ranger 5, Mariner 2, 5, 6, and 7 and Mars 4. And the result is always the same: 4.16 x 1020 m s-2 m2; the gravitational force of the sun.

What Pari does then is to compute the gravitational force of the sun using Newton’s force laws (either the Second Law or the Universal Law) with the mass of each planet given in the tables of the astronomical books.

The gravitational force of the sun, calculated from Newton's equations, F = ma or F = GMm/r2, is not constant and varies from 4.16 x 1023 kg m s-2 for Jupiter to 5.69 x 1016 kg m s,-2, for Pluto; and 16.76 kg m s-2 for Mars 4 to 0.33 kg m s-2 for Pioneer 7.

Thus, if we accept Newton’s force laws, we have to assume that the sun doles out a specific amount of its attractive force depending on the particular body that orbits it.

Pari states in 'Gravitational Force of the Sun' (pg. 138) "..convincing experiments (pg. 138-143), with increasing degree of precision, have shown that the gravitational force is independent of the mass or nature of the attracted body."

Pari supports her proof for the constant gravitational force of the sun and her proof that there is no basis for Newton's assumption that the gravitational force is due to and is proportional to the quantity or density of matter by addressing a number of issues of which the following are only a part, in "Gravitational Force of the Sun":

Missing mass

Titius-Bode Distance Law

Direction of Movement, Radius of inversion

Eccentricity

Inertia

As to the 'missing mass' problem Pari states, (pg. 112) "...there is no basis for Newton's assumption that the gravitational force is due to and is proportional to the quantity or density of matter" and cites numerous passages throughout Principia where Newton equates the magnitude of the gravitational force with the quantity or density of matter.

In addressing the Titius-Bode 'Distance Law, Pari plots the mean distance of the planets from the sun, r, versus the sequential numbers, n, on semi-logarithmic paper together with the least square line of regression. From the result of her equation she concludes "the distance law is an integral part of gravitation; i.e., gravitation is quantized."

She addresses the radius of inversion and concludes, "like the distance law...is an integral part of gravitation."

For the question of eccentricity, Pari proves the increment of the force at perihelion is, in all cases, equal to the negative of the increment at aphelion and the increment is due to the sum of perturbations in the direction of the line of apsides. She states that the sum of the forces at perihelion and at aphelion divided by two is the gravitational force of the Sun.

She concludes that the eccentricity is, simply, the ratio of perturbations to the gravitational force of the sun.

In addressing inertia Pari accepts the classical definition: Inertia is the tendency of an object to maintain its state of rest or uniform motion.

Pari points out that simple laboratory experiments can be performed to determine the density of matter necessary, in a given volume of a sphere that is turning by an electric motor at a given setting, to produce various degrees of retardation of angular velocity.

Using accepted orbital mechanics that 'the mean orbital acceleration of the planets decreases with the square of the distance from the sun', Pari then explains how a planet with a given mass would then weigh less in the outer than in the inner system and would therefore offer resistance to its angular velocity.

Further she shows how seasonal variations in Earth's spin ratio may be a change in the weight of the planet. As the Earth's weight is equal to its mass times acceleration and because measurements of the time of the rotation of Earth in terms of the cesium atomic standard show that the Earth spins faster in summer and slower in winter, the Earth would weigh less in summer than it does in winter and offers less resistance to its angular velocity.

Pari points out that the rotational retardation of a planet is proportional to its weight and also to the distribution of matter inside the body and that planets with greater rotational inertia have matter nearer the center.

She concludes that this is why the inner planets Mercury and Venus have no satellites and the outer planets have rings and several satellites.

Pari also dismisses Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, both General and Special in Chapters 2 and 3 of "Gravitational Force of the Sun" and concludes" by noting that Einstein's Theories of Relativity fails to explain:

(1) the rotation of celestial bodies

(2) the orientation of the axis of rotation of the planets

(3) the orbital planes of all planets approximately on the solar equatorial plane (±12˚)

(4) the inclination of the plane of the orbit of each planet

(5) the direction of movement of the planets (counterclockwise as viewed from north)

(6) the distance law

(7) the eccentricities

(8) the regression of the nodes

(9) the precession of the equinoxes

(10) the perturbations

You can be sure that deep in the bowels of the Pentagon someone already knows all of this. But we don't.

Pari Spolter has uncovered many truths about our planet, our solar system and universe by deductive reasoning, science and mathematics using recent data.

A few of those truths are:

Inert mass does not cause gravitational attraction

Mass and energy are not one and the same

Although the mass of a body remains constant, its weight

increases when accelerated.

The question of what causes gravity remains unanswered. Inert mass does not cause it. Neither does the nature of the attracted body cause it. Neither is gravitational force proportional to the quantity or density of matter of the attracted body.

You don't need a security clearance to buy Pari Spolter's "The Gravitation Force of the Sun," but I bet someone wishes you did.

John Lear

Las Vegas, NV.

August 24, 2008

John Lear - Page 3 - Project Avalon Forum